A comparison of the plays richard iii and lear ii

While watching the movie, I found that I was actually rather turned off by this. I think the adaptation would have been much better served by language fitting the s; for me, the story never felt believable because there was such a massive rift between the 15thth century language and the 20th century scenes. Do the stories ever really change? As humans, do our core issues ever really change?

A comparison of the plays richard iii and lear ii

Sources[ edit ] The source for most of the English history plays, as well as for Macbeth and King Lear, is the well known Raphael Holinshed 's Chronicle of English history.

Shakespeare's history plays focus on only a small part of the characters' lives, and also frequently omit significant events for dramatic purposes.

Politics in the English history plays[ edit ] Shakespeare was living in the reign of Elizabeth Ithe last monarch of the house of Tudorand his history plays are often regarded as Tudor propaganda because they show the dangers of civil war and celebrate the founders of the Tudor dynasty. In particular, Richard III depicts the last member of the rival house of York as an evil monster "that bottled spider, that foul bunchback'd toad"a depiction disputed by many modern historians, while portraying his successor, Henry VII in glowing terms.

However, Shakespeare's celebration of Tudor order is less important in these plays than his presentation of the spectacular decline of the medieval world.

Some of Shakespeare's histories — notably Richard III — point out that this medieval world came to its end when opportunism and Machiavellianism infiltrated its politics.

By nostalgically evoking the late Middle Ages, these plays described the political and social evolution that had led to the actual methods of Tudor rule, so that it is possible to consider the English history plays as a biased criticism of their own country.

The 'Tudor myth' formulated by the historians and poets recognised Henry VI as a lawful king, condemned the York brothers for killing him and Prince Edward, and stressed the hand of divine providence in the Yorkist fall and in the rise of Henry Tudor, whose uniting of the houses of Lancaster and York had been prophesied by the 'saintly' Henry VI.

Henry Tudor's deposing of Richard III "was justified on the principles of contemporary political theory, for Henry was not merely rebelling against a tyrant but putting down a tyrannous usurper, which The Mirror for Magistrates allowed".

Consequently, though Hall in his Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancastre and Yorke saw God's curse laid upon England for the deposing and murder of Richard II, God finally relenting and sending peace in the person and dynasty of Henry Tudor, and though Holinshed's final judgement was that Richard Duke of York and his line were divinely punished for violating his oath to let Henry VI live out his reign, the chroniclers tended to incorporate elements of all three myths in their treatment of the period from Richard II to Henry VII.

A comparison of the plays richard iii and lear ii

Interpretations[ edit ] Shakespeare's double tetralogy[ edit ] H. According to Kelly, Shakespeare's great contribution, writing as a historiographer-dramatist, was to eliminate the supposedly objective providential judgements of his sources, and to distribute them to appropriate spokesmen in the plays, presenting them as mere opinion.

Thus the sentiments of the Lancaster myth are spoken by Lancastrians, the opposing myth is voiced by Yorkists, and the Tudor myth is embodied in Henry Tudor. Shakespeare "thereby allows each play to create its own ethos and mythos and to offer its own hypotheses concerning the springs of action".

Richard Duke of York, for example, in his speech to Parliament about his claim, placed great stress, according to the chronicles, on providential justice; Shakespeare's failure to make use of this theme in the parliament scene at the start of 3 Henry VI, Kelly argues, "would seem to amount to an outright rejection of it".

A comparison of the plays richard iii and lear ii

As for suggestions of a benevolent Providence, Shakespeare does appear to adopt the chronicles' view that Talbot's victories were due to divine aid, [14] where Joan of Arc's were down to devilish influence, but in reality he lets the audience see that "she has simply outfoxed [Talbot] by superior military strategy".

Warren,after J.

Kingship and Power in Shakespeare's Richard II, Henry IV and Henry V

Kelly [19] Accordingly, Shakespeare's moral characterisation and political bias, Kelly argues, change from play to play, "which indicates that he is not concerned with the absolute fixing of praise or blame", though he does achieve general consistency within each play: Many of his changes in characterisation must be blamed upon the inconsistencies of the chroniclers before him.

For this reason, the moral conflicts of each play must be taken in terms of that play, and not supplemented from the other plays. As for Lancastrian bias, York is presented as unrighteous and hypocritical in 2 Henry VI, [26] and while Part 2 ends with Yorkist victories and the capture of Henry, Henry still appears "the upholder of right in the play".

The Duchess of York's lament that her family "make war upon themselves, brother to brother, blood to blood, self against self" [28] derives from Vergil and Hall's judgment that the York brothers paid the penalty for murdering King Henry and Prince Edward.

In the later tetralogy Shakespeare clearly inclines towards the Lancaster myth. The plan in Henry IV to divide the kingdom in three undermines Mortimer's credibility. The omission of Mortimer from Henry V was again quite deliberate:King Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately It is based on the life of King Richard II of England (ruled –) and is the first part of a tetralogy, referred to by some scholars as the Henriad, followed by three plays concerning Richard's successors: Henry IV, Part 1; Henry IV, Part 2; and Henry V.

Representations of Kingship and Power in Shakespeare's Second Tetralogy as found in the chronicles and in the plays.

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Overall, the Richard II found in Shakespeare's play differs little from the Richard in the histories of Holinshed and Froissart. The historical events of Richard's reign are kept in sequence and no significant changes are. In many reviews of King Charles III, Bartlett’s tragic lead character has been compared to Shakespeare’s Richard III, Lear, and Hamlet.

Charles certainly bears some similarities to all of these characters, but he also very closely resembles the king in Richard II. A new book explains why Shakespeare's plays contained so many 'historical inaccuracies'.

the historical accuracy of many of his plays is open to question and the recent discovery of Richard III’s remains has reminded us of this. King Lear, Macbeth, and.

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The names of Judas and Pilate are used to further extend this comparison. Before Richard is sent to his death, he "un-kings" himself by giving away his crown, sceptre, and the balm that is used to anoint a king to the throne. Early English History Plays: Henry VI Richard III Richard II, volume III, Routledge: London, New York, An essay on Othello that got 20/20 at Sydney Boys High a comparison of the plays richard iii and lear ii School The essay question is not on the document - this document can be used for note taking purposes afeard (adj) afraid.

decrease. and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China.

Richard II vs. Richard III | LitCharts Comparison Tool