Cognitive behavioral and cognitive developmental approaches in explaining the development of moralit

Universal ethical principles Principled conscience The understanding gained in each stage is retained in later stages, but may be regarded by those in later stages as simplistic, lacking in sufficient attention to detail. Pre-conventional[ edit ] The pre-conventional level of moral reasoning is especially common in children, although adults can also exhibit this level of reasoning.

Cognitive behavioral and cognitive developmental approaches in explaining the development of moralit

Stage theories[ edit ] Theories grounded in the belief that different types of moral thinking appears in a sequence, from one way of thinking to another, invariantly, are considered stage theories. Both Kohlberg and Piaget 's theories about the development of moral reasoning argue that development occurs in stages and that less complex reasoning strategies from lower stages are abandoned in favor of the more complex strategies from the next.

In essence, a preference for higher levels of moral thinking is the underlying proposition of stage theories, although what makes higher level moral thinking superior to lower level moral thinking is unclear.

However, stage theories tend to downplay the effect of social learning on the individual and the influence the environment can have in certain situations of moral reasoning.

Cognitive and Moral Development

For example, even for individuals who are at a higher level stage in their moral development some reasoning may take into consideration the rule of law, some may be concerned with social consequences, and some may yet be concerned with personal feelings.

As such, it is possible that developmental trends in moral reasoning do exist but the influence of society and the learning that takes place from it is much too varied to produce uniform moral types in the development of all individuals. Bandura's view[ edit ] Bandura argues that in developing a moral selfindividuals adopt standards of right and wrong that serve as guides and restraints for conduct.

In this self-regulatory process, people monitor their conduct and the conditions under which it occurs, judge it in relation to moral standards, and regulate their actions by the consequences they apply to themselves. They do things that provide them satisfaction and sense of self-worth.

They often refrain from engaging in ways that violate their moral standards in order to avoid self-condemnation. Therefore, self-sanctions keep conducts inline with internal standards. In Bandura's view, morality is rooted in self-regulation rather than abstract reasoning.

Social cognitive theory of morality - Wikipedia

He also argues that moral reasoning follows the same developmental continuum as other mental processes; from concrete to abstract. Societal and familial contribution[ edit ] The social cognitive theory of morality argues that personal values and standards of conduct of each individual arise from many difference sources of influence and are maintained by institutional promotion.

It also argues that a broad and dynamic social reality is what governs that adoption of personal values and standards of conduct.

Cognitive behavioral and cognitive developmental approaches in explaining the development of moralit

Hence, because children are repeatedly exposed to the values and standards of conduct of not only their parents but those of their peers, possible siblings, as well as other adults that they have interaction with in their lives, they tend to develop values and standards that are composites of different features of their familial and social worlds.

Interacting determinates[ edit ] There are three interacting sources of influence; "behavior, cognition and other personal factors, and environmental factors". Behavior itself can produce two sets of consequences, "self evaluative reactions and social effects" [1] and these two consequences can be complementary or opposing influences on the behavior of an individual.

Often, to increase the compatibility between the personal standards one holds and social standards, individuals will generally chose to interact with others who share their standards.

Cognitive behavioral and cognitive developmental approaches in explaining the development of moralit

Behavior itself is particularly influenced by external influences, especially in the absences of a strong internal standard. When this is the case, individuals can adopt a 'pragmatic' [1] style, which makes is possible for them to fit their behavior to the situation they are in.

It is also common for individuals' personal moral standards to come into conflict with societal pressures.

Assimilation and Accommodation

However, it is possible for individuals to defend their actions with different types of moral reasoning, even in the face of participating in hurtful or detrimental behavior.Takes an integrated approach to the development of children’s social understanding.

Brings out the connections between mental state understanding and children’s understanding of language, social skills, morality and emotions. Sets research within a historical and theoretical context. Cognitive Approaches to Personality Development behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.

they believed the study of animals could explain human learning. The cognitive-developmental approach to morality has attracted attention because of the plausibility of its basic assumptions and because of the success of the original studies.

Explanatory Limitations of Cognitive-Developmental Approaches to Morality Dennis L. Krebs and Kathy Denton Simon Fraser University In response to Gibbs defense of neo-Kohlbergian models of morality, the authors question whether.

Keywords: moral development, cognitive development, cooperation, moral judgment After two decades of research on Kohlberg’s () cognitive– developmental model of morality, we abandoned it in favor of a more pragmatic approach.

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

In this article, we explain why. We identify problems with Kohlberg’s model, describe revisions. The social cognitive theory of morality attempts to explain how moral thinking, in interaction with other psychosocial determinants, govern individual moral conduct.

Social cognitive theory adopts an "interactionist" [1] perspective to the development of moral behavior.

A cognitive developmental approach to morality: investigating the psychopath - ScienceDirect