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Wallace has taught Greek and New Testament courses on a graduate school level since He has a Ph. His Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament Chris Skinner earned his Th.
He was one of my interns there, and a great student of the scriptures. He is currently working on his Ph. Chris would like any feedback on this essay that you would like to offer, in particular any areas where you think the argument could be strengthened.
Wallace, 22 January I. Introduction The textual reading of Mark 3: There are a number of factors involved in evaluating this textual problem and the present study does not purport to offer the final word on the discussion.
However, there does appear to be an acceptable solution to this problem that incorporates both textual and narrative-critical issues.
External Evidence The witnesses attesting to the bracketed textual reading in Mark 3: Some of the earliest and highest quality manuscripts are contained in this list. On the contrary, neither of the variant readings enjoys such widespread or such early manuscript support. Standing alone, the external evidence for the textual reading is practically insurmountable—a point almost conceded by the UBS committee.
Thus, the external evidence points strongly in the direction of the bracketed textual reading. However, reliance upon external evidence alone does not represent the most balanced approach to an evaluation of this or any other textual issue. Taken at face value, this point appears to provide internal evidence with the strength to rival that of the external attestation, and creates a conflict between the two sets of evidence that begs for resolution.
At this point, one must either proceed with the external evidence as the starting point, or acquiesce to the argument for interpolation. Since the external evidence is weighty, it would be risky to disregard it at the outset.
This will either bolster the argument for interpolation or effectively overturn the idea that the omission of the phrase reflects the earlier reading. In fact, it seems possible that the disputed phrase was first used by Mark and then brought over into Luke during the composition of the Lucan narrative.
Therefore, there is no reason to strictly assume the introduction of the term into the text by way of Lucan influence in light of the indisputable proof of its use in Mark 6: Second, in evaluating the internal evidence, there is more here than meets the eye.
There is the possibility then that parablepsis occurred resulting in scribal omission of both phrases in the weaker manuscripts. Another point in support of the textual reading is the well-documented tendency of both Sinaiticus and Vaticanus to abbreviate rather than conflate.
This is not infallible but is certainly an established rule of thumb to remember when approaching these two great uncials.
In light of this tendency in both manuscripts, and in light of their agreement in attesting to the inclusion of the disputed phrase, the claim to an original shorter reading becomes even more difficult to maintain.
Therefore, the bracketed textual reading stands out. There is then, overwhelming external evidence in favor of the bracketed textual reading as well as a plausible answer on internal grounds for the rise of the variant which omits the disputed phrase.
Before offering a final conclusion, there is one more internal issue that needs to be addressed. The intrinsic probability also strongly favors the NA27 reading but this can only be introduced in the context of an exegetical and narrative-critical discussion of the passage in question.
It is to this area that we now turn. At the narrative level, 3: These texts constitute a set of bookends that picture the appointment of the twelve 3: Also, in these passages there exists both a disputed 3: This helps to further establish the authenticity of the textual reading on internal grounds.Textbook Solutions Master the problems in your textbooks.
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It brings feelings, knowledge, adventure, mystery, and foreign times and places to life. 1 Miller critiqued Payne’s similar approach in which he looked at the “bar-umlaut” in relation to textual variation (p.
, n. 29). In essence, Payne did not look at a control group which meant that the results of his study were not falsifiable.