Explain various viewpoints on climate change

October 4, The Politics of Climate Polarized views about climate issues stretch from the causes and cures for climate change to trust in climate scientists and their research. There are also major divides in the way partisans interpret the current scientific discussion over climate, with the political left and right having vastly divergent perceptions of modern scientific consensus, differing levels of trust in the information they get from professional researchers, and different views as to whether it is the quest for knowledge or the quest for professional advancement that drives climate scientists in their work. When it comes to party divides, the biggest gaps on climate policy and climate science are between those at the ends of the political spectrum. Across the board, from possible causes to who should be the one to sort this all out, liberal Democrats and conservative Republicans see climate-related matters through vastly different lenses.

Explain various viewpoints on climate change

The Bilderberg Group and the project of European unification Prof. Mike Peters Introduction Despite their reputation for 'empiricism', British academics have tended to treat political power by means of abstract concepts rather than empirical information about the actions of determinate individuals and groups e.

Giddens,; Scott, After a brief efflorescence of empirical studies of the so-called 'Establishment' in the early s, sociologists in Britain became diverted from empirical investigation of power, as the study of national and international power-structures became conducted under the aegis of increasingly abstract theoretical categories derived from Marxism, and in particular by a wave of concepts based on Poulantzas's 'structuralist' critique of Miliband, and was followed by ever more esoteric discussions of the 'theory' of the state e.

Jessop,culminating in the hegemony of a post-Marxist version of Gramsci's conception of 'hegemony' - in which 'struggle' is posited without any identifiable human beings as its active protagonists, and with the stakes reduced to ideas rather than concrete interests.

This was in sharp contrast with the USA, where the impetus of C. Wright Mills's pioneering study of the network of interests involved in the Cold War Mills, was continued by a flourishing group of scholars.

There has been nothing in Britain of comparable scope or detail to the work conducted in the USA by G. The present article is concerned with one specific facet of American power-structure research which, I believe, has important implications for the study of power in the UK.

This is the subject of power-elite networks and forums, conceptualised as arenas for the conduct of intra-capitalist and inter-corporate strategic debates and long-range social planning, from which wider 'democratic' interference is carefully excluded.

The particular institution about which I will present information is the so-called 'Bilderberg Group', which is an interesting example of this kind of power-elite forum.

It is one among a number of little-publicised institutions which have played an important role providing a means for debates and discussions to take place amongst different capitalist groups and different national governments over long-term planning issues and, especially, in Co-ordinating strategic policy at an international level.

Other such bodies on this trans-national scale include the Council on Foreign Relations CFR in the USA, with its UK sister organisation, the Royal Institute of International Affairs otherwise known simply as Chatham House and the Trilateral Commission which itself grew out of Bilderberg meetings and has been essentially a more globalist version of the latter, since it incorporates Japanese representatives.

Each of these bodies will be mentioned in what follows. One of the 'functions' such institutions appear to serve is that of 'mediating' between the economic interests of private capital and the requirement of a general interest on the part of the capitalist class as a whole.

To anticipate what will be said later, I believe that one of the key assumptions often made by structural Marxists, namely that the capitalist class is always divided into competing fractions which have no mechanisms for co-ordination other than the state, is not empirically sustainable.

Part of this misconception, it could be said, derives from an over-literal understanding of the concept of the 'market' as constituting the only social relation amongst different fractions of capital. Bilderberg is one of these mechanisms. The Context As the second world war drew to a close, the capitalist class in Western Europe was under severe threat from an upsurge of working class radicalism, the management of which required a strategy more sophisticated than conventional repression, and the first steps were taken, by political panes of both left and right, to develop 'corporatist' programmes based on a kind of national protectionism.

By contrast, in the USA, the war had brought to dominance an internationally-oriented capitalist class who saw very clearly that their interests lay in a thorough 'liberalisation' 1 of the world market, abolition of tariffs etc.

Only the false wisdom of hindsight could make the eventual Atlantic Alliance system that emerged by seem preordained by 'objective' historical forces. Indeed, so used have we become to hearing phrases like 'American imperialism' and witnessing US interventions throughout the world that we can forget just how difficult it was for this internationally oriented fraction of the American capitalist class to impose its agenda upon the US state: In this paper I will not be looking in any detail at how these interests influenced the US government during and after the Second World War, but rather at how they succeeded in effecting the integration of the Western European capitalist class into a new Atlantic alliance system The period is highly complex and debate still rages over the origin and nature of the 'Cold War': And die recent work of.

Alan Milward, for example, has thrown into question many of the received assumptions about the causes and consequences of the 'supranational' institutions created in Europe in the aftermath of the war Milward, and ; Anderson, The beginnings of a clarification of these events were made with the pioneering analysis of Kees Van der Pijl, in conjunction with other Dutch Marxist scholars Fennema, Overbeek etc.

Explain various viewpoints on climate change

With the collapse of the USSR and the subsequent 'coming out' of veteran anti-Communists now prepared to open up some of their dubious accomplishments to outside scrutiny Peter Coleman, Brian Crozier e.The Cybernetics Society holds scientific meetings, conferences, and social events, and engages in other activities to encourage public understanding of science and to extend and disseminate knowledge of cybernetics and its associated disciplines.

May 14,  · A few scientists say scenarios of rapid climate change are unwarranted. But others are worried that rising levels of carbon dioxide could trigger a sharp and painful change in the Earth's climate.

The territorial trap is a theoretical model which aims to explain the flaws in conventional thinking about the development of the nation-state. An Inconvenient Truth is a American documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about former United States Vice President Al Gore's campaign to educate people about global initiativeblog.com film features a comprehensive slide show that, by Gore's own estimate, he has presented over a thousand times to audiences worldwide..

The idea to document Gore's efforts came from producer Laurie David. Based on Sleep Number bed reviews, these are little known facts about Sleep Number mattresses. According to Viewpoints reviews, there are 10 things that sales reps aren't likely to tell you about Sleep Number bed mattresses.

Climate reflections. List of contents. Reflections on recent global surface air temperature changes; Reflections on the significance of recent global surface air temperature changes.

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