Officials blame Facebook for fueling ethnic tension in Myanmar. In September, Aung says almost everyone she knows in Myanmar received a warning via Facebook Messenger: On the day of the rumored attack, Aung says downtown Yangon, the largest city in the country, was deserted. Facebook has provided women new opportunities for business, activism and organizing, while also being a hotbed of harassment.
In part one of this paper, I offer a description of the main versions of multiculturalism, with its liberal interpretation among them.
Finally, I explore the same in Hungary, and attempt to draw some general consequences. Does a minority group e.
My address is divided into four parts. In the first part I offer a description of the main versions of multiculturalism, with its liberal interpretation among them.
Finally, in the fourth part I explore the same in Hungary, and attempt Multicultural tension drawing some general consequences. I It is appropriate to distinguish between two types of multicultural societies-the traditional and the modern.
In traditional societies, several ethnic groups may have lived together, which, despite their differences, basically belonged to the same civilisation.
In countries which belong in the European civilisation, for instance, English and Scots, French and Bretons have lived together; in the territory of historical Hungary, Hungarians, Slovaks, Multicultural tension, Croats, Serbs and Germans lived side by side for centuries.
Even though their cultures were different from one another, all these peoples shared in the same Christian culture; the non-Christian exceptions among them were the Jews and the Gypsies-the latter having been formally Christian.
The traditional societies in Christian Europe were patriarchal in character, which basically defined the status of women. In his essays David Hume distinguished three historical forms of male dominance-barbarism in Asia, small-mindedness in the Antiquity, and courtship in the Modern Age in order to dominate through complaisance.
In modern societies, a new version of multiculturalism has evolved, which results from a break predominantly through immigration in a largely homogeneous society. In the first phase of the process, the immigrants mainly seek to be assimilated; in the second, they generally do not wish to be absorbed in the majority ethnic communities.
On the contrary, they endeavor to preserve their language, traditions and identity and wish to be recognized as a minority, their culture to be maintained and supported as such see Latin Americans in the US, Africans in Britain, Turks in Germany, Arabs in France.
Handling multiculturalism in modern liberal democracies presents itself both as a theoretical political philosophical and ethical issue and a specific practical problem, since there are many multicultural societies in the modern sense of the word; moreover, the decisive majority of the countries of the world have multinational, culturally plural societies, and enmity between the various cultural groups is pretty common.
One fundamental theoretical problem which inevitably arises is how liberalism and multiculturalism can be connected; how, on the basis of individualist-centred classical liberalism, can the collective cultural rights of a minority be formulated in the interest of preserving the community and maintaining their culture when a all kinds of communities, traditions and allegiances to traditions present lesser or greater restrictions on the individual liberties of its members; b the State should remain culturally neutral for it is should not resort to discrimination not even positive discrimination among ethnic groups, religions, ways of life or cultures.
Claiming that the individual is always defined in opposition to community ties, the community-centred conservative, socialistic, communitarian ideas, on the basis of their reading of the liberal ideal of man, dispute the capability of liberalism to recognise the collective rights of minorities in the interest of maintaining their culture.
Rawls and Dworkin offer an elegant solution to this problem.
Both recognise ways in which collective rights can be accorded as additional to, and without infringing, individual rights.
Both follow the same logical pattern. Collective qualities, they argue, can be acknowledged as values that can be chosen freely by individuals in a society built on the plurality of values.
Rawls avers that an individual life plan is carried out by way of making free choices between alternatives, one of these alternatives being the potential presented by a particular cultural community.
Dworkin suggests that in the free world of culture a free individual can freely choose between objectives cultural objectives and responsibilities communal responsibilities. In this light, collective cultural rights may be ensured on a liberal footing by way of widening individual choice, meanwhile supposing that the different cultures embody values self-value of their own.
According to liberal multiculturalism, no repression of any hue, including repressive culture, is to be tolerated. Rawls and Dworkin also suggest that only liberal cultures should be supported on moral imperative.
One should also reckon that a number of cultures that repress their own members become even more repressive in a multicultural context-especially when their survival is uncertain amongst the new circumstances.
They may force their members to turn inwards and to break ties with the outer world.
The practice of binding the individual to a group may strengthen the conservative elements in a culture and may lead to generation conflicts. Emphasizing in general the significance of collectivity, liberal multiculturalism respects also non-liberal communal cultures, cherishes their language, literature, music and dances, meanwhile insisting on the defence of individual liberty in opposition to communal repression.
It may happen that a particular practice within a culture is said to be repressive amongst multicultural circumstances.See the Mardi Gras Indians, multicultural museums, architecture and learn about New Orleans Creole history.
NEWSLETTER SIGNUP Your monthly guide to NOLA'S foods, drinks, music and more. Ethnic hatred, inter-ethnic hatred, racial hatred, or ethnic tension refers to feelings and acts of prejudice and hostility towards an ethnic group in various degrees.
See list of anti-ethnic and anti-national terms for specific cases. There are multiple origins for ethnic hatred and the resulting ethnic conflicts. Cultural tension is tension amongst cultures, like there was tension between blacks and white in America until the s.
There is still cultural tension today, although we might not like to think so. Cultural tension can be violent like this video suggests.
Cultural tension doesn't always mean race. Multicultural Tension: Mexico’s Globalization Dilemma Introduction The main idea of Othello is a man not really fitting into his surroundings.
He is accepted in society, marries the daughter of a well known senator, and leads their armed forces. The term “multicultural” is often used as a descriptive term to characterize the fact of diversity in a society, but in what follows, the focus is on its prescriptive use in the context of Western liberal democratic societies.
The defeated, Cellou Dalein Diallo, is a member of the Peul ethnic group, to which 40% of Guineans belong. Mr Diallo has repeatedly accused the president of sidelining his constituents, including many Peul.