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Differences between Sociology and Other Social Sciences Article shared by The perspective of sociology is closely related to the subject of relation of sociology with other social sciences. This relation will indirectly clarify the attitudinal distinction between sociology and other social sciences.
Sociology, in the broadest sense of the term, is usually defined as the science of society or a science which studies social life, or behaviour of human beings. This is a very comprehensive outlook indeed to view society.
Sociology deals with social world, of course, but the sociologist is only one among a number of social scientists studying social world. We know that the social world is made up of many aspects—economic, religious, political, familial, educational, and others—all of which can be defined independently of one another, but all of which influence one another in practice.
But, the focus of none of these other sciences is identical with that of sociology, and it is always the focus of interest perspective or point of viewwhich distinguishes one social science from another. It would not be exaggerating to say that no other discipline focuses attention on human behaviour or on human relationships per se.
It is here that sociology differs from all other social sciences. Sociology does not study the unique and particular aspects of human relationships; they are to be studied by other social sciences which have a special interest in such phenomena.
Sociological approach of studying social relationship is holistic. It studies any social phenomenon in its totality and in relation to other social phenomenon. Every science is a study of one aspect of reality or the other.
From this point of view all sciences are related to one another. In spite of this common relationship, sciences differ in their approach of study, in their perspective of looking at things.
In this connection, Gillin and Gillin Cultural Sociology, aptly remarked: For example, consider man as the object of study. The physicist might be interested in the system of stresses in his skeleton; the chemist in the elements and compounds in his body; the anatomist in the relationship of mussels, bones and organs; the psychologist in his reactions to stimuli; and the sociologist in his behaviour in relation to other human beings.
Social sciences have been defined as the study of the behaviour of people in human society. All social sciences thus share in common the task of exploring the reality of society, i. Each social science major social sciences are psychology, anthropology, economics, political science and sociology focuses attention on one particular dimension of social reality.
Each social science studies man from their own particular angle. Their approach of study or perspective is different from one another. It is primarily concerned with individual human behaviour. It tries to analyse behaviour of a person in terms of its relationship to personality structure.
It concerns with how goods, services and wealth are produced, consumed and distributed within societies. Its main focus of study is power, government and political processes.
History claims to study the significant past chronological records of distant past events. It is treated either a social science or one of the humanities.
Sociology tries systematically and objectively to understand social life and predicts how various influences will affect it. It claims to study those aspects of social life, which are present in all social sciences.
It also tries to bring together and extend the knowledge and insights of all the other fellow disciplines. The real basis of differentiation is not of a difference in their concrete subject matter but it is rather a difference in their point of view or focus of attention that creates boundaries between different social sciences.
These boundaries are not neat but hazy and overlap each other. We can illustrate this point of difference of perspectives from the most popular example.
Eating a slice of buttered toast can be analysed in terms of the nutritive value of the food consumed, the eating habits of the individuals, the economics of the bread, dairy, and home appliance industries, a conventional or customary dietary pattern.
Not only this, the toast can be seen from social relations point of view. It can be a possible source of social friction between husband and wife because the wife does not make the toast dark enough to shift the taste of her husband or because the toast was bit burnt in the course of its preparation.
We may take another familiar example of social pattern of gift-giving.When looking at a society there are many different sociological perspectives that can be used, and as people can interpret identical things in different ways more than one perspective could be used at any time.
These perspectives include: Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism, Interactionism and Postmodernism. Sociology has been defined in number of ways by different scholars.
There are as many definitions of sociology as there are sociologists. To understand more fully what sociology is about some of its definitions may be cited as follows: In , Comte defined sociology as the science of human association or the study of gregarious life.
Database of FREE Sociology essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample Sociology essays! Before commencing a discussion on analyzing the article “What makes sociology a different discipline” from the other sciences we should have the know-how about sociology.
In the words of modern thinkers of sociology namely Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim “Social fact should be the subject matter for the study of social life and can provide explanations for human thinking and behavior (p19)”.
Essay about What Makes Sociology Different? Words | 4 Pages.
Before commencing a discussion on analyzing the article “What makes sociology a different discipline” from the other sciences we should have the know-how about sociology.
College students who study sociology usually need to write several academic papers on different sociology topics each semester. If you want to learn to write good essays on sociology, just take the following steps.
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